Public Act 330 was first enacted in 1968 over concerns about the regulation and training of security guards. Originally and over the last 30 years, the Michigan State Police have been the assigned agency for oversight of P.A. 330 administration under the law which covers Private Security Guards, Private Security Guard Agencies and Security Alarm systems. Amendatory Act 473 of 2002, effective October 1, 2002, separated the Private Security Guards, Agencies, Alarm Systems and Private Investigators from the State Police and placed them under the umbrella of the Department of Consumer and Industry Services, with the exception of Security Police Officers, which remained with MSP and assigned to the MCOLES Division.
Private Security Police Officers, also referred to as "Arrest Authority" Security Guards, have misdemeanor arrest authority while on active duty, on their employer's premises and in full uniform. One person, usually a security manager, is responsible for licensure and all of the employees that have the arrest authority must meet minimum requirements related to age, security or law enforcement experience and suitable background including absence of any felony conviction and specific misdemeanor convictions.
Licensed Private Security Police Officers are empowered to hire employees that have misdemeanor arrest authority. The law requires these employees to be trained as required by the Department. Currently, Security Police Officers are required to be trained in the following areas:
Legal - criminal law and procedure; civil law and diversity
Special Curriculum - including either firearms familiarization or firearms proficiency if carrying firearms
and defensive tactics
Critical Incident Curriculum - CPR/first aid; non-violent intervention, and emergency preparedness
Annual, Mandatory Maintenance Curriculum - first aid; emergency preparedness; legal update; defensive tactics and firearms range qualifications or strategic video training for those who carry firearms
Currently, there are 13 licensed private security police agencies in Michigan: