I have always been puzzled by statements about the "range" and "effective range" of a pistol.
For instance, my Beretta 92FS has a 'maximum range' of about 2,000 yards, but an "effective range" of only about 50 yards, according to the manufacturer.
I take it for granted that its bullets are potentially deadly long after they've gone 50 yards, but what is meant by "effective" in this context?
Do they cease to be aimable accurately after 50 yards -- is that it? Or are they no longer capable of transferring much energy?
Any real information would be welcome.