February 4th, 2009 10:50 PM
OK, we all know that if you throw ammo into a fire it will “cook off”.
Well, how hot does it have to get before ammunition will “cook off”?
I know that in the desert it gets hot enough to give 2nd degree burns (blisters) if you grab something made of metal and hang on. Your car can get hot enough to “hard boil” an egg if you leave it in the car and do not cover the windows.
So, how hot does it need to get before ammunition will begin to ignite just because of the temperature? Is it even possible for it to get hot enough for this to happen?
February 5th, 2009 12:03 AM
mythbusters did an experiment where they threw some ammo in an over, i think it had to be in the 200 - 300 * range, but im not sure
February 5th, 2009 12:05 AM
I was curious so I did some searching on google…. Found this on the HighRoad forum (Ammo in a Fire: At What Temperature Will It "Cook Off"? [Archive] - THR)
May 20th, 2007, 12:48 PM
In his book "Gunshot Wounds" Vincent Di Maio describes various experiments where ammunition was heated in ovens. He says that .22 long rifle cartridges detonate at an average of 275F, .38 Special at 290F and 12 gauge shotgun shells at 387F. The interesting thing about these furnace experiments was that in all instances the cartridge cases ruptured, but the primers did not detonate. In fact the primers were removed from some of the ruptured cases, reloaded into other brass and fired.
When cartridges are placed in a fire he confirms that the most dangerous component of a cartridge is the brass, or fragments thereof that may cause eye injury or penetrate skin, but certainly there is no evidence that a cartridge that is not in a firearm can cause a mortal wound, either by action of the bullet or the brass/primer fragments. It is important to remember however that a chambered cartridge that detonates in a fire is just as dangerous as a cartridge that is fired under normal circumstances in a firearm.
To get a better understanding of the behaviour of free-standing ammunition in a fire, he conducted experiments with a propane torch. A total of 202 cartridges (handgun, centerfire rifle and shotgun cartridges) were used. If the heat was applied directly to the base of a shotgun shell the primer would detonate, the powder would ignite and the shell would rupture. Any pellets that emerged were traveling too slowly to be recorded on a chronograph.
In rifle and handgun cartridges where the flame was applied to the base of the cartridge the primers always detonated but the powder only ignited in half the cases and in those instances the cases did not rupture but the gas was instead vented through the primer hole.
When he heated these same handgun and rifle cartridges at the front, the powder would burn and the cases would usually rupture but with few exceptions the primers did not detonate. The velocity of expelled projectiles ranged from 58 ft/s to 123 ft/s. The only exception was the .270 cartridge where the bullet velocity was 230 ft/s. Primer velocities ranged from 180 ft/s to 830 ft/s.
As a side note he says that a revolver in a fire is especially dangerous because all the cartridges can cook off and be discharged such that there is a danger from projectiles. Only the bullet that came out of the barrel will have rifling marks and the ones that came from non-aligned chambers will have shear marks on them. Obviously if there is a question about the firing of a weapon and whether it was cooked off or fired intentionally they will look for a firing-pin impression on the primer of the suspect cartridge case.
Sciuchetti G.D. Ammunition and fire. American Rifleman 144(3): 36-38, 59-60, March 1996.
Cooking-Off Cartridges. NRA Illustrated Reloading Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The National Rifle Association of America.
And of course Vincent Di Maio's excellent book "Gunshot Wounds - practical aspects of firearms, ballistics and forensic technics". My copy is the second edition, published by CRC Press, ISBN 0-8493-8163-0
This information can be found on pages 268-270."
I wouldn’t worry about ammo cooking off... other than the danger of a house fire.
February 5th, 2009 12:14 PM
This is exactly what I was looking for. I knew somebody had to have done something on this, but i was unable to find it.
February 5th, 2009 12:21 PM
Well, you've already been answered, but I can personally attest that it has to be hotter than 125 F in order for 5.56 to cook off.
Rifle gets pretty toasty in that sun though.
Fortes Fortuna Juvat
Former, USMC 0311, OIF/OEF vet
NRA Pistol/Rifle/Shotgun/Reloading Instructor, RSO, Ohio CHL Instructor
February 7th, 2009 12:16 PM
In a related vein, my mother could testify to the fact that 8 mm, .30 06, 22 LR, .270, .243, 6 mm, .30-30, 9 mm shotgun, .30 carbine, .303, .357, .32-20, .380, and .410 shotgun will not fire or explode when run thru any dryer cycle. At least when they are in a shirt or jeans pocket.
She (normally) caught the 12 or 16 gauge before they made it that far.
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sciuchetti g.d. ammunition and fire. american rifleman 144(3): 36-38, 59-60, march 1996
sciuchetti g.d. ammunition and fire. american rifleman 144(3): 36-38, 59-60, march 1996.
temperatures at which ammunition will ignite
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