This appears to be none other than the SKS? Any others ideas?
I have not read the article yet, but it is bound to be interesting:
Twenty years ago, China’s military might lay primarily in the enormous numbers of people under arms; their main task was to fight an enemy face-to-face or occupy territory. The PLA is still the largest army in the world, with an active force of 2.3m. But China’s real military strength increasingly lies elsewhere.