Shot Heard Around the World
This is a discussion on Shot Heard Around the World within the The Second Amendment & Gun Legislation Discussion forums, part of the Related Topics category; Part 7- The Ride
While Paul Revere was being rowed across the bay to Charlestown, William Dawes had to make his way across Boston Neck, ...
January 30th, 2013 09:13 AM
Part 7- The Ride
While Paul Revere was being rowed across the bay to Charlestown, William Dawes had to make his way across Boston Neck, through the gate blocking entry to the city and take the long way toward Lexington. The guards at the gate were ordered not to let anyone in or out but Dawes had developed a relationship with the guards. He may have slipped them a drink, a coin or just a good word and was allowed to pass.
Paul Revere's boat was quietly rowed and was able to skirt the HMS Somerset by staying in it's moon shadow. Reaching the far shore he was met by his contacts and given a horse named Brown Beauty. The horse was chosen because of it's speed and endurance. Looking back toward Boston, Revere and his contacts noticed two lanterns in the North Church steeple. The army was coming by the short route over the river, he needed to hurry.
Revere's ride was to take him through Charlestown down the Charlestown neck and into open country where he would pick up the west road north of Cambridge. As he swiftly rode he swung south and noticed a pair of riders in the road ahead. He slowed and upon realizing they were British Officers, wheeled his horse around and took off across the fields. The officers gave chase. One was eventually bogged down in mud and Revere was able to outrun the other. The choice of Brown Beauty had been a good one.
The chase had pushed Revere north and fearing other riders he chose to take the north road up to Medford a detour of 5 or 6 miles out of the way. This did however afford him the opportunity to contact local leaders who in turn sent out other rides to spread the word.
Unlike popular myth, Revere did not ride through the countryside shouting "the British are coming". He and everyone else considered themselves British so it didn't much sense to call them what they themselves were. He also didn't shout out, instead he had a well established fan out notification system in place. He would wake the local leader who in turn would send out more riders. By this method by the end of the night some 80 riders had spread the word to a distance of 100 miles away.
After Medford, Revere swung south back down to Menotomy (now modern day Arlington) and notified his contacts there. After a short rest he turned west on the road to Lexington. Revere reached Lexington around midnight.
January 30th, 2013 09:40 AM
Participated in the 225th Anniversary of the Battle Road Reinactment at Lexington & Concord.....our Mass. Militia Co. was stationed at the "Bloody Angle" but the Lexington Co. at the Lexington Green at 6:00 AM were surrounded by thousands of spectators as the Brits marched onto the Green to confront them. Shots were fired as Capt. Parker said....Hold your ground men, don't fire uless fired upon but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here"..and the tremendous crowd, real people both Cheering and Crying at the same time, men, women and children...Some were there all the way from California to witness this event.......emotions were overwhelming....the the brits marched off leaving our dead and wounded on their way to the Concord Bridge where they were met again by Militia Units from neighboring Mass. towns.
Our Co. engaged at Merriman's Crossing (The Bloody Angle) where by this time the brits were being confronted by over 4,000 Militiamen on their retreat back to Boston.....it was the most unbelievable experience of my 20 yrs. of Reinacting......and really brought the entire concept of Freedom into perspective.....
If you've never visited the Minuiteman Monument on the Green in Lexington or Buckmans Tavern or the Concord Bridge......make it a planed trip to do "Battle Road".....you won't regret it.
PS...... IMO the most important firearm in american history hangs on the wall in the Massachuttes State House......Capt. John Parker's American Fowling Gun .....the gun he carried on the Green at Lexington that morning April19th.....
Oh, buy he way, they put a trigger lock on it.......
January 30th, 2013 05:45 PM
Part 8- The Column
While Revere was riding west to Lexington, Col. Smith's column was assembling at the water's edge on the south end of Boston. The officers who were present did not know the mission and were only told to get their companies in line. By 10 pm the units that were supposed to have been ferried across were still being formed and no progress was being made. Large wooden skiffs were present but there was not enough of them to carry the 700 men across. Col. Smith was not in attendance and arguments broke out among the officers as to who should go first.
The troops had been issued the standard combat load of 36 rounds of ammo for their .75 cal smooth bore Brown Bess, flint lock muskets. They also carried the requisite 18" triangular bayonet, cartridge box and haversack for food and personal items.
Col. Smith arrived near midnight and found his troops still on the eastern shore of the Charles River. He quickly got his officers in order and the troops began moving across. The troops were packed shoulder to shoulder in the low skiffs with water all the way up to the gunnels. They were set ashore at a place called Lechmire Point in a marsh at high tide. Many had to wade ashore in waist deep water.
Once ashore it was learned that food rations had not been issued. A call was put out to the navy to bring rations. The navy responded by clearing out their spoiled and rotten supplies which once issued, the soldiers promptly threw them away.
Long after Paul Revere had reached Lexington and the militia turned out, the troops were finally ashore and assembled. The orders were given to march west.
January 30th, 2013 05:46 PM
Part 9- Lexington
Upon reaching Lexington Paul Revere immediately went to the house of Reverend Jonas Clark. He knew that John Hancock and Sam Adams when warned out of Concord a few days before had retreated to Rev. Clark's house. This house was chosen because Hancock's grandfather had built the church and rectory and served as it's minister for many years before Clark took over. Hancock was well known in the town having spent a great deal of time there with his grandfather.
Revere was surprised to be stopped by armed militia men as he approached the house. He was told that earlier in the day 8 men on horses identified as army officers had come through town. John Parker the militia captain had ordered the same number of his men to protect Hancock and Adams.
Revere, Hancock, Adams and Parker met to discuss what to do. Hancock wanted to stay and fight but Adams and Revere talked him out of it. Parker decided he would call out his militia and send scouts east toward Boston to try and locate the column. As they discussed, William Dawes, the other rider out of Boston showed up.
After some rest and food, Adams and Hancock were to leave town as soon as possible while Revere and Dawes would continue their ride to Concord.
On the road out of town, Revere and Dawes ran into a man who turned out to be Dr. Samuel Prescott from Concord. Prescott had been in Lexington visiting his fiance' Lydia Mulligan. While talking Prescott informed Revere that he was "a true son of liberty" and would help spread the word. Since he was doctor he knew most of people in Concord and surrounding area.
As the trio rode west they noticed a couple riders along the road ahead in the moonlight. Moving forward two more riders appeared from the shadows under the trees. Four more riders suddenly appeared behind them and they realized these men were British officers. Faced with 8 armed men with pistols and nowhere to run Revere and his companions were forced to surrender. The officers, a combination of lieutenants and sergeants forced the men off the road into a stone walled coral. A quick glance among the men was exchanged and all three spurred their horses forward. Prescott and Dawes managed to clear the wall and escape while Revere's reins were seized by the nearest officer. Revere was caught and ready to pay the price.
January 30th, 2013 10:03 PM
Part 10- The Alert
Sixteen year old Billy Diamond lay asleep in his house with his family. He was warm and comfortable under the quilts and blankets huddled together with his brothers and sisters. There was no central heat just a fireplace that had burned down leaving the house cold in the mid April night.
Suddenly he was shaken awake by his mother."Billy get up, there is trouble in the village, take your drum." He was still groggy when he and his father started the walk into town. He was also cold in the chilly New England air. He noticed the full moon. The same moon that saw Paul Revere rowed across the river earlier in the night was now high in the sky. He could hear the meeting house bell ringing in the distance.
As they walked he noticed other people in other houses moving about in the flickering candle light. He noticed other men and boys moving silently along, the bright dots of candle lanterns swaying as they walked.
One of those boys he saw was Jonathon Harrington. Jonathon was walking with his father and cousin Caleb Harrington. As they reached the town square, known as Lexington Green, his family met at Jonathon's uncle and namesake's house at the north end of the green.
Prince Esterbrook was already awake in his shack behind the main house when there was a knock on his door. "You don't have to go" his master said. Prince knew the value of freedom by not having any. As a slave he thought maybe these white men might appreciate what they had if it was in danger of being taken away. He had already decided. He would go. "I am ready," he said as he stood.
Captain John Parker was 40ish. He was a veteran of the French Indian War. He had been in Roger's Rangers an elite company for it's time. Parker had been elected Captain of the Lexington Militia by his friends and neighbors because of his steady hand, resolute demeanor and experience.
Parker watched the men file singly or in small groups onto the green. When he saw Billy Diamond and the young Jonathon Harrington he walked over to them, put a hand on each of their shoulders and said, "I need you boys to stay close to me. Billy, beat assembly to call the men in. When they are formed, Jonathon play something on your fife while we wait for the others."
Diamond the company drummer and Harrington the company fifer did as they were told. Both were only five years old when the trouble started. From the time they could remember all they heard from their elders was about how their liberty was being taken away. They had grown up under the shadow of government oppression and they were both eager to stand up against it no mater what the cost.
As the men and boys formed that day they had no idea what to expect in the coming hours. Standing in armed defiance to the crown was treason.
There was no health insurance or life insurance to help their families if wounded or killed. There was no social security or welfare. The death or disablement of the bread winner in the family meant destitution for the whole family. The was no emergency medical service to respond if wounded. There were no anesthetics to dull the pain. There were no antibiotics to prevent infection.
The choice was not simple and it's consequence this day was likely the hot lead of a musket ball, the cold steel of the bayonet or the hangman's noose.
Yet, the women of the town sent their sons and husbands, brothers, fathers and grandfathers. They were as young as 15 years and old as 70. The fathers stood with their sons, nine pairs on the green that morning. Nearly everyone on the green were related either by blood or marriage.
They stood together as one in defense of liberty.
to be continued.
January 30th, 2013 10:32 PM
Paul Revere wrote letters later in life that talked about all the romanticised parts of the story, saying "The first casualty of the war was truth". Yet they still teach the original version to kids
January 31st, 2013 10:23 AM
Part 11 -The Advance
Paul Revere stood in the darkness with 8 officers of the kings army surrounding him. A cocked pistol was pressed to his head and the officer demanded his name.
"I am Paul Revere" he replied. Surprised, the men all looked at each other as if to ask "Paul Revere? THE Paul Revere?"
"Do not lie to us sir, who are you and what are you doing about this eve?" Asked the leader.
"I am Paul Revere and I beg your pardon. I am taking a message to Concord about the column of troops going there to deprive our countrymen of their rights and arms."
The Lieutenant was started by this. He had no knowledge of the mission of Smith's column. His orders were simply to patrol the roads and arrest any messengers that might be out. As he pressed Revere for more information Revere readily obliged.
Back in Lexington, Captain Parker had briefed his men on the green. He has sent scouts east to find the column. As the night wore on the men standing in the cool spring air became tired and restless. The initial surge of adrenaline had worn off and many fought to keep their eyes open. No word had yet come back from the scouts about the location of troops.
Reveres was being pressed for more information. He thought that his only chance was to tell the truth but maybe enhance it a little. He began to tell his captors that they had been watching the troops assemble in Boston and knew from the outset the mission. He explained that by now all the supplies they were after in Concord had been removed and hidden. He told them that he had 500 men in Lexington waiting for Smith, the mission would be a disaster.
Captain Parker surveyed his men. With no real idea of what was happening he decided to have the men stand down. "Men," he said. "Stand down but stay in town and within the sound of the drum." Many of the men including the Harringtons retreated to Uncle Jonathon Harrington's house on the edge of the green. Many others who had come into town from the surrounding countryside appreciated that the proprietors of the Buckman Tavern on the south edge of the green opened its doors to provide food and a chance to warm up. As those men gathered to enter the tavern they unloaded their muskets by firing a volley into the air. The cool damp air worked it's way into the black powder if given a chance. The only way to ensure proper operation was fire the muskets and then reload when the time came to go back out.
Back on the road, Paul Revere was raising the anxiety of his captors with each telling of the massing of the militia. Suddenly as if on cue, a volley came from the direction of Lexington. The startled officers suddenly had to make a decision. Do they hold the prisoner, take him with them or ride quickly back to warn Smith of the ambush? An extra horse would be useful if they chose to race back to meet the column and surely they would be forgiven for not bringing the famous Paul Revere if it meant saving their fellow troops.
Taking his horse and leaving Revere on foot the officers raced east hoping to meet Smith before he got to Lexington.
January 31st, 2013 06:32 PM
Part 12- The Challenge
Col. Smith's troops had reached Menotomy (modern day Arlington) just a few miles from Lexington when 8 of his officers rode up. Smith called a halt while he listened to them explain that they had caught Paul Revere and that there was 500 militia in town. No, they hadn't seen them themselves because they took a wide berth around Lexington to avoid detection but they had heard the shots, heard the bell ringing the alarm.
Smith's troops themselves had heard bells in each town they passed through. They had heard shots off in the distance alerting the country side as they marched. He knew that there presence was known but was sure the colonists didn't know the purpose.
Turning to Major Pitcairn, his royal marines were ordered to the head of the column. Pitcairn's marines, essentially light infantry, were to proceed as fast as they could in advance of the main body to Concord and carry out the mission.
As the marines advanced on Lexington, Capt. Parker was suddenly made aware of one of his scouts returning to town. The scout reported that he had been trapped behind the column in Cambridge and only managed to get around them when they stopped in Menotomy. He reported that they were only a mile or so out and moving fast.
Parker immediately ordered young Diamond to beat assembly. The men filed out of their houses and the Buckman Tavern and formed up again at the west end of the green.
About this time Paul Revere walked into town from his ordeal on the road. Upon talking to Capt. Parker he was shocked to learn the Hancock and Adams were still in town. Revere immediately ran to Rev. Clark's house and confronted the reluctant Hancock. Hancock wanted to stay and fight. Revere explained that if he was killed or captured it would be devastating blow to the cause. He must leave, NOW!
Hancock finally agreed to go. Urged on by Sam Adams they packed up and headed north out of town. Revere stayed behind and learned from Hancock's male secretary that all the papers from the provincial congress were in a trunk and still in his room at the Buckman Tavern. If those papers fell into the hands of the army, the cause and many people associated with it would suffer terribly. Revere determined to save the trunk.
The Lexington Green is a triangular shaped space about 100 yards long and 50 yards wide at it's north west end. The narrow point is toward the east where the meeting hall stood. The road from Boston split at the meeting hall. The right fork going past Buckman Tavern across the street from the hall and continuing at a north west angle skirting the green. The left fork swung straight west to Concord.
Parker's men in the meantime were formed at the wide end of the green. They were nervous and uneasy, not knowing what to expect. A few grumbled about how it wasn't worth it and talked about leaving. Parker said, "the first man to leave will be shot dead." These were his own friends and family standing with him. Most of them knew he meant it. The fear of Parker humiliating them and perhaps shooting them in front of their families was worse than the fear of the redcoats. They remained steadfast.
As the dawn broke the sounds of many men on the road to the east became apparent. Revere and Hancock's secretary had reached Buckman Tavern and were wrestling with the heavy trunk. Jonathon Harrington's cousin Caleb, John Simmons and another man were on the second floor of the meeting house watching as the royal marines came into view on the road to the east.
Major Pitcairn had put one of his firebrand lieutenants at the head of his column. Lt. Jesse Adair rode ahead and noticed men at the far end of the green. His mission was to go to Concord but he was itching for a fight. He wanted to teach these rebels a lesson. As his men reached the fork in the road he chose to confront the men on the green, he lead his two hundred men onto the right fork and then onto the green. He immediately formed them into battle lines.
Paul Revere had seen the approach of the marines. He and Hancock's secretary barely got out the back door of the tavern when the marines spilled past them intent on forming on the green. Staying behind the tavern, he made his way behind the buildings skirting the road to the treeline as the troops formed their ranks.
Seeing the ranks of soldiers spilling onto the green, the 70-80 man militia heavily outnumbered, took an involuntary step backward. Capt. Parker shouted to his men, "stand your ground men. Do not fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here!"
to be continued...
February 1st, 2013 11:40 AM
Part 13- The Fight
Capt. Parker's 70 odd men watched the redcoats form into battle formation some 70 yards away, their bayonets glinting in the early morning light.
Suddenly a rider from the back of the column rode up. Major Pitcairn swinging his pistol rode half the distance to the militia and shouted at them "lay down your weapons, ye villains, ye rebels, lay down your arms and disperse!"
Capt. Parker had made his point. Vastly outnumbered he turned to his men and told them to disperse. At the same time a shot rang out. Paul Revere would later testify that it sounded like a pistol shot as he retreated with the trunk of papers. Others reported it came from the side of the green from behind a wall.
No one knows who fired that first shot but we know who fired the first shots. Without orders, the front line of the regulars opened up in an ragged volley. The second line advanced and poured a full volley into the militia as they scrambled away.
Most of the men wounded were shot in the back. Jonas Parker, Capt. Parker's uncle defiantly stood his ground yelling "I shall not run". He was knocked down by a musket ball. Prince Esterbrook was also wounded but helped off the field.
The troops now out of control and ignoring orders charged the militia with bayonets, they bayoneted Jonas Parker as he lay on the ground and continued after all those who ran.
Jonathon Harrington's uncle and namesake was shot in the back as he retreated. He rose back to his feat and collapsed again. Crawling on his hands and knees he made his way to the edge off the green. Falling into the arms of his horrified wife on their doorstep, he died as she and his children watched.
At the other end of the green, Caleb Harrington, John Simmons and another were caught in the meeting hall as the redcoats swarmed on to the green. When the troops charged, Caleb, John and the other man attempted to make a run for it. They were seen by soldiers who fired upon them. The other man was wounded but was able to make it to the cover of a woodpile. Caleb was shot down and killed as he ran.
Simmons was forced back into the meeting hall where he barricaded the door. The soldiers who fired upon him pounded on the door trying to gain entry. Simmons knew that if they entered they were likely to find the town's black powder supply stored on the second floor. He ran up the stairs as the troops broke down the front door and started searching for him. Picking up his musket, he thrust the muzzle into one of the barrels of powder. They would not get the powder, he thought to himself as he cocked the hammer and said a prayer.
The soldiers still out of control were hunting down anyone they could find. Col. Smith in the main column rode to the sound of the fighting and was shocked to see his troops rampaging through the town ignoring their officers. He quickly grabbed a drummer and had him beat to assembly. The men, more out of conditioning than duty began to respond.
The soldiers in the meeting house reached the bottom of the stairs, as they began to climb they heard the beat of the drum. They wheeled around and exited the meeting house angry that the rebel they had chased into it would slip through their fingers.
It took some time for the troops to reassemble. Their blood lust was up and they were reluctant to stop. Col. Smith finally got them into order and calling upon his officers told them the mission.
Many of the officers realized that they had just fired upon their own people. They knew that their men had gone out of control and they would be held responsible for the deaths. There would be courts-martial and trials. The countryside would be up in arms over this atrocity. They had another 8 miles further west to travel and another 18 miles back to Boston though hostile territory. To continue would be folly.
Col. Smith looked past the officers to the men. They were still charged up for the fight. He listened to the arguments of his officers and clearly stated that the mission would continue. Turning back to the men, he ordered three HUZZAHS and a volley of musket fire to celebrate the victory.
Forming back into column they began the march west to Concord.
February 1st, 2013 11:51 AM
Another interesting tid-bit........if you visit Buckman's Tavern, they have the original front door of the Tavern on display that was there on that day April 19th and now behind Plexiglass inside the building.....there is a British Musket Ball lodged in the wooden door and very visible fired on that fateful morning by british soldiers...
February 2nd, 2013 08:33 AM
Part 14- The Aftermath
Capt. Parker standing on the green looked at the dead and wounded. He looked past the green to the houses and the heard the lament of the women and families who lost loved ones. He saw others scurrying about taking anything of value and burying it in the garden. He knew that the column had continued west and would come back through Lexington. He knew there would be reprisals against the town for standing up to the king's troops. He knew there would be pillaging and plundering.
He also knew that if he didn't hide the bodies of those who were slain, the army would dig them up, and hang them out of spite and as a warning. His men would take the dead to the edge of the burial grown and dig a ditch. They would bury the dead including his uncle Jonas in the ditch and then cover the ditch with leaves, branches and brush to disguise the grave.
He knew that the fight wasn't over. He began to prepare to avenge the attack on his town.
Young Jonathon Harrington couldn't stop crying. He had lost his uncle and his cousin. He had seen his friends and neighbors shot down. Of the 9 sets of fathers and sons on the green, 5 were separated by death.
The day had just begun. No one knew what would transpire that day or how it would end. They did know that by standing up for their liberty the spark of revolution had been lit.
February 2nd, 2013 08:34 AM
At Appleseed they tell the story in three parts. Part one is the Lexington, story you just read. Part two is the events at Concord and part three is the fight back to Boston.
We all know the story doesn't end in Lexington. The other two stories are as intriguing as the one you just read. You'll have to go to an Appleseed to hear the rest. It is well worth it.
I did want to throw out some interesting tidbits about the story you just read.
If you recall, Dr. Joseph Warren found out the details of the raid on Concord through someone high up in Gen. Gage's command. That person is thought to have been Gage's wife. Margaret Kimble Gage was American born and her high status in society put her in contact with many people including Dr. Warren. It was pretty evident who gave Warren the information. After the battle, Gen. Gage put her on a ship ferrying wounded back to England. They reportedly never lived under the same roof again.
Dr. Warren was a widower with 4 young children yet he spent most of his time working for the cause. While the British were fighting their way back from Concord, he rode out and connected with the militia near Lexington. Despite have no military experience he distinguished himself in such close contact with the enemy that he was offered a Generalship after the battle. At one point a musket ball cut a hair lock (ribbon that held back his long hair) on his head.
Warren refused the rank saying he hadn't earned it. In June of that year he was fighting as a private but in command of a delaying action on Bunker Hill. They were holding off the British advance until the militia could retreat. He was killed on the last charge up the hill by the British. Sadly Dr. Warren who is relatively unknown today, would likely have gone down in history of one of our great founding fathers, perhaps even a president had he lived.
Major Pitcairn, the officer who led his Royal Marines on Lexington Green was also on Bunker Hill with Dr. Warren in June. He was however on the other side. Pitcairn was wounded in the last charge that took the hill and killed Dr. Warren. Pitcairn died in the arms of his son who was a Lieutenant in the king's army.
Fifer Jonathon Harrington survived Lexington and went on to enlist in the Colonial Army. He fought in many battles and survived the war. He lived to a ripe old age.
William Diamond, the Lexington drummer also survived the battle. He also enlisted and survived the war. He became a prominent citizen. Ten thousand people came to his funeral when he died.
Capt. John Parker was sick from tuberculosis when he stood his ground at Lexington on April 19th. Later in the day he would lead his militia west and get his revenge against Col. Smith. He died in August of that year from the disease.
Dr. Samuel Prescott rode to Concord after he escaped from the officers on the road. He warned the town and they sent out other riders to spread the word. His brother Able was one of the riders. Able Prescott as shot and killed later in the day at the south bridge while trying to return to town. Samuel Prescott never married his fiance'. He enlisted as a ship's surgeon and was captured. He died of disease aboard a filthy prison barge two years later. Without a word from him or about him Lydia Mulligan waited 7 years for him to return.
William Dawes never made it to Concord. Upon escaping, he rode until he was thrown from his horse losing his pocket watch in the process. He decided he had had enough, turned and limped back to Boston. He later went back and found his watch.
The black slave Prince Esterbrook was wounded but survived the Lexington battle. He signed on for a number of short term militia enlistments and then in the Continental Army. He and thousands of other blacks served in the first integrated army and the last until the Korean war.
Esterbrook survived the war and was freed for serving as were many others. Their service in the revolution was the seed that grew into the abolitionist movement in the New England states after the war.
Dr. Benjamin Church: Church was a prominent physician in Boston and in charge of the security committee for the Massachusetts provincial congress. He was in charge of the colonial secrets and security of John Hancock and Sam Adams. He was also a spy for Gen. Thomas Gage. It was Church who compiled a list of the guns and powder/supplies stored in Concord and the whereabouts of Hancock and Adams.
It wasn't ideology that made him give secrets to the British general it was greed. Church had a wife and also kept a mistress. He spent his money poorly and was always in debt.
On April 20th, the day after the events at Lexington and Concord Church was seen easily passing through the gate into Boston. Boston was now besieged by 14,000 militia and the British army was holding the city. Church was contacted by Paul Reveres' wife who gave him a note and 200 pounds (a huge sum of money) to give to Paul who needed money to live on outside the city. Paul never got the money and the note was found in Gen. Gage's papers after the war.
People became suspicious of how Church could pass in and out of the city so easily. After the British evacuated Boston, Church was arrested and imprisoned. He was later banished from the colonies. The ship he got on to go to England never reached it's destination and was never seen again.
February 2nd, 2013 08:39 AM
These were real people, not just nameless figures in a story. They sacrificed their lives and families to stand up for a revolutionary principle. That we, not some tyrant thousands of miles away, should govern ourselves.
You may copy and paste this, please pass this on to family and friends but give credit to Appleseed and please include the link. www.appleseedinfo.org
I suggest reading the rest of the history and then go to an Appleseed.
Paul Revere's Ride
Paul Revere's Ride: David Hackett Fischer: 9780195098310: Amazon.com: Books
Conceived in Liberty
They have books, study courses etc.
National Center for Constitutional Studies
They also have a webinar that you can download for free with a study guide. I have taken this course twice Live. You will learn a ton.
Making of America Seminar
The 5000 Year Leap
The 5000 Year Leap (Original Authorized Edition): W. Cleon Skousen: 9780880801485: Amazon.com: Books
The Making of America
Amazon.com: The Making of America: The Substance and Meaning of the Constitution (9780880800174): W. Cleon Skousen: Books
February 2nd, 2013 08:48 AM
Mods, If at all possible I think this should be made a sticky.
Not only can current members read this when they want but also future members.
We have to know our history or it will be forgotten and repeated.
February 2nd, 2013 09:14 AM
Should you want to delete my comments in this post you are most welcome....
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