Shot Heard Around the World

Shot Heard Around the World

This is a discussion on Shot Heard Around the World within the The Second Amendment & Gun Legislation Discussion forums, part of the Related Topics category; I got this from a history coordinator for the Appleseed Project. Please go here for more information about this great organization. Project Appleseed Home The ...

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  1. #1
    Member Array Liberty_1776's Avatar
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    Shot Heard Around the World

    I got this from a history coordinator for the Appleseed Project. Please go here for more information about this great organization.

    Project Appleseed Home

    The Historical Perspective-Part 1

    In September of 1774, a company of British troops crossed the back bay by boat from Boston to Cambridge in the middle of night. By early morning they had arrived at the Massachusetts Provisional Powder house. The powder house was a stone silo type structure used as a powder magazine to house the black powder used by the surrounding communities. They were let in by the local sheriff and subsequently confiscated 250 half barrels of powder belonging to the Massachusetts colony.

    The redcoats marched back through Cambridge drawing the attention of the locals who spread the word "the powder raids have begun." The locals were so outraged at this raid that nearly four thousand assembled. They took the sheriff hostage and made him write notice that he would never help the red coats again. They rampaged through the Tory/loyalist section of town and ran the most prominent of them out of town, never to return.

    It was only the intervention of local patriot leaders who kept the mob from marching to Boston and confronting the army stationed there.

    This raid did two things. It confirmed the fear of the colonists that the Regulars (what they called the army) could and would raid and confiscate arms. The second thing it did was motivate colonial leaders such as Paul Revere and Dr. Joseph Warren to set up a network of citizens to keep an eye on the troops in Boston for any indication of them mobilizing for future raids.

    The early warning system and subsequent alert notification system developed by Revere and Warren would be tested in the coming months.

    End of Part One.
    lordofwyr, Patti and mook012 like this.


  2. #2
    Distinguished Member Array Exacto's Avatar
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    I hope the gun grabbers are "listening"
    Let your plans be dark and impenetrable as night, and when you move, fall like a thunder bolt...... Sun Tzu.

    The supreme art of war is to defeat the enemy without fighting........ Sun Tzu.

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    Member Array TheConcealer's Avatar
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    Everyone should get a call tree going.
    Living a life free from fear, means being able to protect it at all times.
    Play stupid games, win stupid prizes.
    NRA

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    Part 2
    In 1773 Parliament had passed a series of laws to bring the colonies under control. These laws were called "The Coercive Acts" and did exactly what they meant. That is to coerce the colonies into submission.The colonists didn't hear about the Coercive Act until 1774 and by then started referring to them as the "Intolerable Acts".

    The acts banned free speech. Troops raided newspapers and smashed or confiscated printing presses.They did away with local control of towns, cities, counties and colonies. It removed local judges. A person could now be held without warrant and sent back to England to be judged for any crime the crown could think up.

    Under the Coercive Acts, militias were banned as was military type training. Importation of black powder and muskets was stopped.

    In December of 1774, General Gage, commander of all British forces in north America and military governor of Massachusetts ordered another raid. This time the plan was to send a ship load of troops up to New Hampshire to secure the powder and weapons stored at an outpost called Fort William and Mary. The fort was manned by an officer and a small number of regulars.

    Paul Revere's intelligence network, called the mechanics because the were all tradesmen, notified him and he made the long ride to the fort in a snowstorm. He contacted the local militia, which was now outlawed and the gathered 250 men and stormed the fort. Shots were fired, people were wounded but no one was killed. The fort was taken and the militia relieved the fort of powder, muskets and small artillery pieces. The militia melted back into the country side.

    The governor of New Hampshire sent a message to Gen. Gage telling him of the armed insurrection. The ship load of soldiers had been delayed because of a snow squall and didn't make it for another day. To add insult to injury the ship was run aground by the harbor pilot.

    The score was now the Regulars 1, Colonists 1. The next raid wouldn't be tried for another couple months.
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    VIP Member Array Patti's Avatar
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    History has a way of repeating itself. The threat of tyranny is no different today, than it was in 1774

    Three Alarming New Ways Globalists Control America without Firing One Bullet

    FRONT #1
    Control the Internet: Controlling Your Knowledge and Information

    FRONT #2
    Worldwide Taxes: As Global Government Grows and Expands, It Wants You to Pay For It

    FRONT #3
    Undermining the Second Amendment

    The very day after Obama won re-election, the U.N. held a vote to resume talks on gun control. According to Reuters, the vote "passed with 157 votes in favor, none against, and 18 abstentions." Globalists are dying to take away your Constitutional rights. Talks are scheduled to resume in March 2013.

    With foreign attacks (eased by our own political class) to our liberties, sovereignty, money, and well-being coming from so many different directions, it
    makes absolute sense to stay vigilant and set up your affairs to protect yourself and your family.
    Socialism is the philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance and the gospel of envy. Winston Churchill

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    Not so funny how history tends to repeat.

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    Member Array lordofwyr's Avatar
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    Constant vigilance lest that time come again and we find ourselves asleep, un-watching and caught off guard...
    H.W. Longfellow:

    "Listen my children and you shall hear
    Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
    On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;
    Hardly a man is now alive
    Who remembers that famous day and year.

    He said to his friend, "If the British march
    By land or sea from the town to-night,
    Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch
    Of the North Church tower as a signal light,--
    One if by land, and two if by sea;
    And I on the opposite shore will be,
    Ready to ride and spread the alarm
    Through every Middlesex village and farm,
    For the country folk to be up and to arm."
    .........
    You know the rest. In the books you have read
    How the British Regulars fired and fled,---
    How the farmers gave them ball for ball,
    From behind each fence and farmyard wall,
    Chasing the redcoats down the lane,
    Then crossing the fields to emerge again
    Under the trees at the turn of the road,
    And only pausing to fire and load.

    So through the night rode Paul Revere;
    And so through the night went his cry of alarm
    To every Middlesex village and farm,---
    A cry of defiance, and not of fear,
    A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door,
    And a word that shall echo for evermore!
    For, borne on the night-wind of the Past,
    Through all our history, to the last,
    In the hour of darkness and peril and need,
    The people will waken and listen to hear
    The hurrying hoof-beats of that steed,
    And the midnight message of Paul Revere."
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    Fortune Favors the Bold!

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    Member Array Rattlehead's Avatar
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    Although not defensive handgun-related, Appleseed is an program I would highly recommend. You'll learn a lot of things your highschool history texts don't mention about that fateful day, and it's well balanced with a shooting program that focuses on the fundamentals of rifle marksmanship.

    (Full disclosue: I'm a Shoot Boss with the organization)

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    Senior Member Array SigPapa226's Avatar
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    One might also note there have been no printing presses smashed, but Obummer took a shot at Fox News & Talk Radio today. He blamed them for holding Republicans hostage and therefore preventing bipartisanship compromise so he could proceed with his agenda.

    Attack on the Second Amendment ongoing, attack on the First Amendment starting. I do not know about you, but maybe Paul; Revere should be riding this night. I think we are already in trouble.
    Ten Bears: It's sad that governments are chiefed by the double tongues. There is iron in your words of death for all Comanche to see, and so there is iron in your words of life. No signed paper can hold the iron. It must come from men.

  10. #10
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    Part 3 Setting the Stage
    The conflict between the crown and colonists didn't happen over night. In fact is was a decade long escalation of push and push back. By 1764, England was on the edge of a fiscal cliff. They had just finished a 7 year long war with France around the globe. In north America it was known as the French and Indian war because that's who they were fighting.

    To pay for the wars the crown turned to the American colonies. Britain like most of the major powers generated wealth by exploiting the natural resources of the regions they conquered or settled and then created a market in those locations to sell finished products back to. The American colonies had the most resources and were their biggest market. They enjoyed the highest standard of living of all of Britain's colonies including that of the homeland. It is always the way to go after the rich, they can afford it. So the crown imposed new taxes on the colonies. First it was for sugar and then they devalued the money basically creating run away inflation.

    The colonists had always considered themselves lucky to be "free Englishmen" protected by the first codified statement of human rights from centuries before, the Magna Carta. They were also somewhat autonomous from the direct government involvement. They were a long way from Parliament and as such had developed their own style of local government and justice system over a period of decades. The colonists had pushed back the frontier with their own hands. They had fought the French, Spanish, pirates, Indians and marauders of all kinds. They had fought for the land. The had bore and buried their children on it. They developed a system that worked and they highly resented the crown taking what they considered to be theirs.

    The new taxes shocked and angered them. They formed groups to protest the new taxes. One group that was particularly vocal was The Sons of Liberty. Men like Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, Dr. Joseph Warren, John Hancock and others became leaders. They were able to successfully argue down new taxes only to have them replaced with others.

    The more the crown pushed, the more the colonists resisted and pushed back. This caused the crown to send more troops to enforce the regulations and protect the tax collectors and government officials. Of course this escalated the tension between the two sides and increased the odds of a confrontation. With the passing of the Stamp Act (taxing every commercial piece of paper such as newspapers, contracts, letters etc) the resistance intensified.

    Samuel Adams one of the major rabble rousers was in charge of the Boston Mob. Not an organized crime mob but laborers and tradesmen whom he could get on short notice to start a demonstration or antagonize the soldiers in Boston. This came to a head in March of 1770 when soldiers taunted by the mob and pelted with snowballs opened fired on the crowd, the infamous Boston Massacre. The British sent more troops into the city in a show of force and of course the Boston Massacre became galvanizing event for the resistance.

    The crown backed off for a time and for several years an uneasy peace reigned with only minor conflicts. However, with the passing of the Tea Tax, colonial passions were again flamed which resulted in the Boston Tea Party. As everyone knows, Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians went aboard ship and dumped the equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of tea into the harbor. While the Indian garb may have been to disguise those involved, it was actually used because Indians were considered the symbol of a free people.

    The crown, outraged sent more troops, implemented more restrictions such as the Townsend Acts which implemented financial sanctions and import, export regulations. These were met with more resistance. By 1774, the American colonies were under martial law and Boston was occupied by thousands of troops sent in to enforce the mandates of the Coercive/Intolerable Acts.

  11. #11
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    Part 4 More Trouble
    By 1774, the colonists were not only resisting but actively planning for the inevitable. Because the crown banned public meetings and militias the colonists set up "Committees of Correspondence". Paul Revere was basically the chief messenger and director of communications between the various groups spread throughout the colonies. He often made long dangerous rides carrying dispatches from the leaders in Boston to New York, Philadelphia and the other colonies.

    Banning the militias only heightened their activities. What was for years a rag tag group of farmers and shop keepers were now openly arming and training out in the towns and villages.

    Colonies had also formed provisional governments and holding meetings in open defiance of the law. John Hancock was the president of Massachusetts provisional congress along with his chief mentor and aide Sam Adams.

    General Gage of course knew all of this. Most of the people in the colonies were not for revolution. Most did not support the movement and were loyal to the king. As loyalists they felt obligated to keep the Gage's forces apprized of what was going on out in the countryside. Even many of leaders of the resistance were not openly for revolution but belonged to stand up for their rights as free Englishmen.

    In February of 1775, Gen. Gage received information of more stock piling of weapons, this time in Salem, Massachusetts. With good intelligence at hand he sent a ship load of soldiers to Salem. The orders were to arrive early Sunday morning, stand off until daybreak and then make their way to town while everyone was still sleeping or at church. The destination was a local forge where they had information that ship's cannons were being converted to field pieces.

    The troops came ashore and quietly made their way to town only to be observed by a local. He ran back to the village and raised the alarm. The villagers turned out led by the local minister. When the regulars (what they were called by the locals) reached town they were greeted by a raised draw bridge and a angry crowd on the other side. The officer in charge demanded the bridge be lowered while the minister engaged him in conversation and negotiation. Finally the bridge was lowered and the troops were allowed to pass.

    Reaching the foundry the soldiers found it had been stripped clean while the minister stalled them at the bridge. They returned to Boston empty handed and embarrassed.

    Stay tuned..

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    Part 5- Tensions Rise
    In March of 1775, Dr. Joseph Warren, a prominent Boston physician and head of the intelligence gathering operation in Boston gave a rousing oration on the 5 year anniversary of the Boston Massacre. In attendance at the church that day were numerous British officers who hissed and booed so loudly that they were run out into the street. Troops were summoned to quell the near riot.

    By now, Revere, Warren and the mechanics were patrolling the streets every night looking for any signs of mobilization. In early April Warren received letters off a packet ship from England that another raid was imminent. Reports started coming in that British officers in plain clothes were seen out surveying the roads west of Boston and watching militia units. They were identified in the taverns and way stations by the fact they were carrying pistols under their cloaks. No one carried pistol but army officers.

    The concern became so great that during the second week of April Paul Revere rode the 18 miles west to Concord to warn John Hancock, Sam Adams, Dr. Benjamen Church. Church, another Boston physician, was head of the security committee. He and the others were in Concord conducting meetings of the provisional congress.

    Back in Boston, orders for Gen. Gage had arrived on the same ship from which Dr. Warren received his letters. Gage's orders were clear. He was to make all efforts to quash the insurrection and arrest the leaders, particularly Hancock, Adams and Revere. Gage had his own intelligence organization in place. He knew of the meeting in Concord. He also knew that large stores of military goods were in Concord and he exactly who had them and where they were. He knew the strength and size of the militia units along the way. He knew the conditions of the roads. He also knew that his army was being closely watched.

    Gen. Thomas Gage had up to this point been roundly criticized in London for not cracking down on the rebels earlier or more harshly. Some of his junior officers referred to him behind his back as "Old Lady Gage" for not rounding up and hanging the leaders. He chose however to use a softer hand knowing that harsh treatment would only inflame the passions of the colonist.

    His actions were also tempered by the fact that he had lived in the colonies since the 1740s and because of his wife,Margaret Kimble Gage was the American born daughter of rich family in New Jersey. She was heiress to the family fortune and she and Gage held large estates in New Jersey and large plantations in the West Indies. He loved his wife and had a lot to lose if a revolution started.

    Margaret was the top rung of society being married to the most powerful man in north America. She was sometimes called the Queen of America but she was sympathetic to the cause of liberty.

    Gen. Gage formulated his plan. On April 18th, under cover of darkness, he would send a column of troops under the command of Col. Francis Smith. Their sealed orders, only opened after they left Boston would be to go to Concord and confiscate or destroy all military stores hidden there. They were to arrest Hancock and Adams and any other rebel leader the ran across and return to Boston by noon of the next day. Hours before their departure, he would send out 20 officers in advance to spread out along the roads to pick up any messengers coming out of Boston.

    In order to keep the plan a secret, he would tell only three people. They were Col. Smith who would lead the brigade of 700 men, his second in command, Gen. Hugh Earl Percy, and inadvertently his wife Margaret.

    On April 18th, Revere and Dr. Warren were kept busy by reports of a mobilization. Boats were being lowered from all the war ships in the harbors. Army officers were telling stable boys to get their horses ready. Troops had been confined to quarters or being called into garrison. As the day wore on and the soldier retreated back into their quarters Boston became quiet. Tension hung in the air. Something was up and everybody knew it.

    continued...

  13. #13
    VIP Member Array Patti's Avatar
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    I love these stories. Please keep 'em coming.

    My 5th, 6th, and 7th Great Grandfathers were sea captains and active smugglers up and down the eastern seaboard. My 5th Great Grandfather, Captain Jack, was a Revolutionary privateer. His home was in New Brunswick, NJ. His Uncle Henry's home still stands and is a national landmark. Henry hid Thomas Paine is his home when the British were trying to kill him. It was in Uncle Henry's home where Paine wrote the first of his series "American Crisis", which starts out:

    These are the times that try men's souls...

    Captain Jack's ship was confiscated by the British on December 10, 1776, but that didn't stop Jack. He managed to evade capture twice and fought with the New Jersey Militia.

    I thank God for our Patriots. They sacrificed everything for the cause of liberty.

    I read an interesting article last night that stated "our Revolutionary grandfathers wouldn't tolerate this crap - they would have already fired the first shot."
    Socialism is the philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance and the gospel of envy. Winston Churchill

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    Part 6- It Begins
    By evening, troops were being moved to the south end of Boston near the back bay. It was still unknown which direction the army would move. Would they take the short route by boat across the bay or would the march out by road?

    In those days, Boston was only connected to land by a narrow strip of land called Boston Neck. The road in and out was controlled by a gate. If the army marched south they would have to swing south around the bay then back up to Cambridge to get to the road west to Concord. If they took the shorter route across the bay they would essentially land in a swamp and make their way west to pick up the road from Charlestown to Cambridge. The water route was shorter but would take more logistics to move 700 men across the bay.

    Learning of the troop movements Dr. Warren called upon his one intelligence source high up in Gen. Gage's command. He was able to get details of the plans of the column.

    Immediately Warren called on Revere and another man named William Dawes. Their preconceived plan was put into place. Revere would cross by boat to Charlestown and proceed west to put out the alarm. Dawes would try to get out the south end of Boston and spread the word as well with the idea the one of the two of them might get through. The penalty if caught was likely the hangman's noose.

    With the troops massing at the south end, it was still unknown which way they would go. Another part of Revere's and Warren's communication plan was implemented. As soon as troops started moving observers would spread the word to a pair of men in the north end. Those men, vicars in the North Church would then post lanterns in the steeple. One if the troops went out Boston neck and two lanterns if they went across the bay in boats.

    Paul Revere made his way to the water's edge on the north side of Boston. He was met by two men who began rowing him across the bay. The moon was full and laying in it's mooring out in the bay directly in their path was the British ship of the line, HMS Somerset.

    more later...

  15. #15
    VIP Member Array Patti's Avatar
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    I was wondering when you'd get around to mentioning William Dawes. Most people have never heard of him.
    Socialism is the philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance and the gospel of envy. Winston Churchill

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