Yes, this will be a long post!
Ok so the Alabama House and Senate concur, and Bentley signs off on the new gun laws for Alabama, effective August 1, 2013. What ARE these new laws?
First, IANAL, clear on that one? Strictly a layman and just trying to make sense of it all, but from what I can gather.
1. Alabama strengthens state preemption of firearms laws, to include now ammunition and accessories. Cities etc can still pass discharge of a firearm laws.
2. Open carry's legality is affirmed in this new law, i.e. no disorderly conduct charges for it (See above).(c) It shall be a rebuttable presumption that the mere carrying of a visible pistol, holstered or secured, in a public place, in and of itself, is not a violation of thissection.
3. This changes §13A-11-52 which now says I can walk into property I don't own, with a concealed weapon, with a permit, or permission. Complete reversal of the old "premises not his own" section.Except as otherwise provided in this article, no person shall carry a pistol about his person on premises private property not his own or under his control unless the person possesses a valid concealed weapon permit or the person has the consent of the owner or legal possessor of the premises;
4. Crimes of violence, new prohibited classes added to the list.(2) CRIME OF VIOLENCE. "Crime of violence" shall also mean any Class A felony or any Class B felony that has as an element serious physical injury, the distribution or manufacture of a controlled substance, or is of a sexual nature involving a child under the age of 12.
5. Open carry in a vehicle is still prohibited, you CAN now transport a firearm, unloaded, and locked outside of the drivers, or passengers reach. Previously you could not have even an unloaded/locked firearm except under very limited conditions.§13A-11-73."No (a) Except on land under his or her control or in his or her own abode or his or her own fixed place of business, no person shall carry a pistol in any vehicle or concealed on or about his or her person except on his land, in his own abode or fixed place of business, without a license therefor as hereinafter provided permit
6. Ok, now we're shall issue, unless the sheriff can show good reason on an appeal, in front of a circuit judge, why you shouldn't get a permit.§13A-11-75."(a)(1)a. The sheriff of a county, upon the application of any person residing in that county, within 30 days from receipt of a complete application and accompanying fee, shall issue
7. Alabama will recognize a valid concealed firearm permit from any state? This gets confusing cause a later section says the Attorney General can enter into reciprocal agreements. But this section seems to indicate there is no reason to do so, we already take them all? No?§13A-11-85."(a) A person licensed to carry a handgun in any state whose laws recognize and give effect in that state to a license issued under the laws of the State of Alabama shall be authorized to carry a handgun in this state.
8. The so-called, parking lot bill. There are some limits, must be not visible, etc, long guns allowed during hunting season if you have a valid hunting permit. Long guns, thusly stored MUST BE unloaded.. and other fluff N bs put into this provision.(b) A public or private employer may not restrict or prohibit the transportation or storage of a lawfully possessed firearm or ammunition in an employee’s privately owned motor vehicle while parked or operated in a public or private parking area
9. Creates new prohibited areas, jail, sheriffs office, courthouse, city hall, halfway house, mental institution etc etc.. Further, no carrying of a firearm at any sporting event without a permit, no carrying into a elementary or secondary school without a permit.(a) In addition to any other place limited or prohibited by state or federal law, a person, including a person with a permit issued under Section 3A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85, Code of Alabama 1975, may not knowingly possess or carry a firearm in any of the following places without the express permission of a person or entity with authority over the premises:
(1) Inside the building of a police, sheriff, or highway patrol station.
(2) Inside or on the premises of a prison, jail, halfway house, community corrections facility, or other detention facility for those who have been charged with or convicted of a criminal or juvenile offense.
(3) Inside or on the premises of a facility which provides inpatient or custodial care of those with psychiatric, mental, or emotional disorders.
(4) Inside a courthouse, courthouse annex, a building in which a District Attorney's office is located, or a building in which a county commission or city council is currently having a regularly scheduled or specially called meeting.
(5) Inside any facility hosting an athletic event not related to or involving firearms which is sponsored by a private or public elementary or secondary school or any private or public institution of postsecondary education,unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.
(6) Inside any facility hosting a professional athletic event not related to or involving firearms, unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1)or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.
10. Grants the ability to renew your pistol permit, for up to 5 year terms.. this part I like, that yearly trek to the Sheriff's office was a pain.
Am I reading/interpreting all this even reasonably close? There are other interesting sections, and i may expound on them later, but my eyeballs are crossed right now :)