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The local gun range sent this out to it members. The owner received this info in an e-mail from a LE friend so I copied and pasted here for all to read.
It's d**n good info to be aware of: :gah:


New findings from FBI about cop attackers & their weapons

New findings on how offenders train with, carry and deploy the weapons they use to attack police officers have emerged in a just-published, 5-year study by the FBI.

Among other things, the data reveal that most would-be cop killers:
--show signs of being armed that officers miss;
--have more experience using deadly force in "street combat" than their intended victims;
--practice with firearms more often and shoot more accurately;
--have no hesitation whatsoever about pulling the trigger. "If you hesitate," one told the study's researchers, "you're dead. You have the instinct or you don't. If you don't, you're in trouble on the street.."

These and other weapons-related findings comprise one chapter in a 180-page research summary called "Violent Encounters: A Study of Felonious Assaults on Our Nation's Law Enforcement Officers." The study is the third in a series of long investigations into fatal and nonfatal attacks on POs by the FBI team of Dr. Anthony Pinizzotto, clinical forensic psychologist, and Ed Davis, criminal investigative instructor, both with the Bureau's Behavioral Science Unit, and Charles Miller III, coordinator of the LEOs Killed and Assaulted program.

"Violent Encounters" also reports in detail
on the personal characteristics of attacked
officers and their assaulters, the role of
perception in life-threatening confrontations,
the myths of memory that can hamper OIS
investigations, the suicide-by-cop
phenomenon, current training issues,
and other matters relevant to officer
survival. (Force Science News and our
strategic partner PoliceOne.com will be
reporting on more findings from this
landmark study in future transmissions.)
Commenting on the broad-based study,
Dr. Bill Lewinski, executive director of
the Force Science Research Center at
Minnesota State University-Mankato, called
it "very challenging and insightful--
important work that only a handful of gifted
and experienced researchers could
accomplish."

From a pool of more than 800 incidents,
the researchers selected 40, involving
43 offenders (13 of them admitted
gangbangers-drug traffickers) and
50 officers, for in-depth exploration.
They visited crime scenes and extensively
interviewed surviving officers and
attackers alike, most of the latter in
prison.
Here are highlights of what they learned
about weapon selection, familiarity,
transport and use by criminals attempting
to murder cops, a small portion of the
overall research:

Weapon Choice

Predominately handguns were used in the
assaults on officers and all but one were
obtained illegally, usually in street
transactions or in thefts. In contrast
to media myth, none of the firearms in
the study was obtained from gun shows.
What was available "was the overriding
factor in weapon choice," the report
says. Only 1 offender hand-picked a
particular gun "because he felt it would do
the most damage to a human being."

Researcher Davis , in a presentation and
discussion for the International Assn. of
Chiefs of Police, noted that none of the
attackers interviewed was "hindered by any
law--federal, state or local--that has ever
been established to prevent gun ownership.
They just laughed at gun laws."

Familiarity
Several of the offenders began regularly
to carry weapons when they were 9 to 12
years old, although the average age was
17 when they first started packing "most
of the time." Gang members especially
started young. Nearly 40% of the offenders
had some type of formal firearms training,
primarily from the military. More than
80% "regularly practiced with handguns,
averaging 23 practice sessions a year,"
the study reports, usually in informal
settings like trash dumps, rural woods,
back yards and "street corners in known
drug-trafficking areas."

One spoke of being motivated to improve
his gun skills by his belief that officers
"go to the range two, three times a week
[and] practice arms so they can hit
anything."

In reality, victim officers in the study
averaged just 14 hours of sidearm training
and 2.5 qualifications per year. Only 6 of
the 50 officers reported practicing
regularly with handguns apart from what
their department required, and that was
mostly in competitive shooting. Overall,
the offenders practiced more often than the
officers they assaulted, and this "may have
helped increase [their] marksmanship

skills," the study says.

The offender quoted above about his practice
motivation, for example, fired 12 rounds
at an officer, striking him 3 times. The
officer fired 7 rounds, all misses.

More than 40% of the offenders had been
involved in actual shooting confrontations
before they feloniously assaulted an
officer. Ten of these "street combat
veterans," all from "inner-city,
drug-trafficking environments," had taken
part in 5 or more "criminal firefight
experiences" in their lifetime.

One reported that he was 14 when he was
first shot on the street, "about 18 before a cop shot me." Another said getting shot was a pivotal experience "because I made up my mind no one was gonna shoot me again."

Again in contrast, only 8 of the 50
LEO victims had participated in a prior
shooting; 1 had been involved in 2
previously, another in 3. Seven of the 8
had killed offenders.

Concealment

The offenders said they most often hid guns
on their person in the front waistband,
with the groin area and the small of the
back nearly tied for second place. Some
occasionally gave their weapons to another
person to carry, "most often a female
companion." None regularly used a holster,
and about 40% at least sometimes carried
a backup weapon.

In motor vehicles, they most often kept
their firearm readily available on their
person, or, less often, under the seat.
In residences, most stashed their weapon
under a pillow, on a nightstand, under the
mattress--somewhere within immediate
reach while in bed.

Almost all carried when on the move and
strong majorities did so when socializing,
committing crimes or being at home. About
one-third brought weapons with them to work.
Interestingly, the offenders in this study
more commonly admitted having guns under
all these circumstances than did offenders
interviewed in the researchers' earlier 2
surveys, conducted in the 1980s and '90s.

According to Davis , "Male offenders said
time and time again that female officers
tend to search them more thoroughly than
male officers. In prison, most of the
offenders were more afraid to carry
contraband or weapons when a female CO
was on duty."

On the street, however, both male and female
officers too often regard female subjects
"as less of a threat, assuming that they
not going to have a gun," Davis said. In
truth, the researchers concluded that more
female offenders are armed today than 20
years ago--"not just female gang associates,
but female offenders generally."

Shooting Style

Twenty-six of the offenders [about 60%],
including all of the street combat veterans,
"claimed to be instinctive shooters,
pointing and firing the weapon without
consciously aligning the sights," the
study says.

"They practice getting the gun out and
using it," Davis explained. "They shoot
for effect." Or as one of the offenders
put it: "[W]e're not working with no
marksmanship..We just putting it in your
direction, you know..It don't matter.as
long as it's gonna hit you.if it's up at
your head or your chest, down at your legs,
whatever..Once I squeeze and you fall,
then.if I want to execute you, then I
could go from there."

Hit Rate

More often than the officers they attacked,
offenders delivered at least some rounds
on target in their encounters. Nearly 70%
of assailants were successful in that
regard with handguns, compared to about
40% of the victim officers, the study
found. (Efforts of offenders and officers
to get on target were considered
successful if any rounds struck, regardless
of the number fired.)

Davis speculated that the offenders might
have had an advantage because in all but
3 cases they fired first, usually catching
the officer by surprise. Indeed, the report
points out, "10 of the total victim
officers had been wounded [and thus impaired]
before they returned gunfire at their
attackers."

Missed Cues

Officers would less likely be caught off
guard by attackers if they were more
observant of indicators of concealed
weapons, the study concludes. These
particularly include manners of dress,
ways of moving and unconscious gestures
often related to carrying.

"Officers should look for unnatural
protrusions or bulges in the waist, back
and crotch areas," the study says, and
watch for "shirts that appear rippled or
wavy on one side of the body while the
fabric on the other side appears smooth."
In warm weather, multilayered clothing
inappropriate to the temperature may be
a giveaway. On cold or rainy days, a
subject's jacket hood may not be covering
his head because it is being used to
conceal a handgun.

Because they eschew holsters, offenders
reported frequently touching a concealed
gun with hands or arms "to assure themselves
that it is still hidden, secure and
accessible" and hasn't shifted. Such
gestures are especially noticeable "whenever
individuals change body positions, such
as standing, sitting or exiting a vehicle."
If they run, they may need to keep a
constant grip on a hidden gun to control
it.

Just as cops generally blade their body to
make their sidearm less accessible, armed
criminals "do the same in encounters with
LEOs to ensure concealment and easy
access."

An irony, Davis noted, is that officers
who are assigned to look for concealed
weapons, while working off-duty security
at night clubs for instance, are often
highly proficient at detecting them. "But
then when they go back to the street
without that specific assignment, they
seem to 'turn off' that skill," and thus
are startled--sometimes fatally--when a
suspect suddenly produces a weapon and
attacks.

Mind-set

Thirty-six of the 50 officers in the study
had "experienced hazardous situations where
they had the legal authority" to use
deadly force "but chose not to shoot." They
averaged 4 such prior incidents before the
encounters that the researchers
investigated. "It appeared clear that none
of these officers were willing to use
deadly force against an offender if other
options were available," the researchers
concluded.

The offenders were of a different mind-set
entirely. In fact, Davis said the study
team "did not realize how cold blooded the younger
generation of offender is. They have been
exposed to killing after killing, they fully
expect to get killed and they don't
hesitate to shoot anybody, including a
police officer. They can go from riding
down the street saying what a beautiful
day it is to killing in the next instant."

"Offenders typically displayed no moral
or ethical restraints in using firearms,
" the report states. "In fact, the street
combat veterans survived by developing a
shoot-first mentality.

"Officers never can assume that a criminal
is unarmed until they have thoroughly
searched the person and the surroundings
themselves." Nor, in the interest of
personal safety, can officers "let their
guards down in any type of law enforcement
situation."



Time for me to get that training I've so desperately been needing to get. :twak:
 

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Very interesting info. Folks on this forum probably practice more than an LEO, very sad. If you are not at the range at least 1x a month doing quality training you may want to up you time a little.
I would really be interested in knowing if their is a "caliber of choice" that a gangbanger would usefor some reason I envisions 9mm and 380's.
 

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Interesting read...
 

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I read that at least a year or two ago.
 

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Very interesting read, not what one would expect...:blink::hand10:
 

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Good read... :yup:
 

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Thanks for that. Im printing it out and giving it to a few LEO friends to read. Scary how quick your skills leave you.
 

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"...In reality, victim officers in the study averaged just 14 hours of sidearm training and 2.5 qualifications per year. Only 6 of the 50 officers reported practicing regularly with handguns apart from what their department required, and that was mostly in competitive shooting. Overall, the offenders practiced more often than the officers they assaulted, and his "may have helped increase [their] marksmanship skills," the study says...."

And these are the people the gun grabbers would have us call on the phone, 30 minutes away, while we're holed up between the nightstand and wall, hoping they can make it in time to save the day.

I have great respect for what most LEs do, what they've taken on as their profession. But for others, it's just a job, which means doing the very minimum to get buy. Unfortunately, this is one of the rare professions where "survival of the fittest" isn't just a motto, it's live-or-die. And it's sad when an officer is referred to as a 'victim'.

"Why do you carry a gun?"
"Because a cop is too heavy...

.... And I'm a better shot, too."
 

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Very interesting and sobering read. I'd love to practice drawing and shooting skills with my CW, but the public shooting range doesn't allow holstered guns or rapid fire (no quick double-tap practice). I don't believe the only indoor range does either. Might need to follow up on that one.

"In fact, Davis said the study team "did not realize how cold blooded the younger generation of offender is."

Interesting point here. My father and I got into a heated argument about a case where an Eagle Scout was kicked out of school because he had his camping hatchet in the trunk of his car. The school (like many) has a "No weapons" policy. Dad was irate about it and thought it was rediculous since the boy had it locked in the trunk. I tried to point out that, unlike kids of his generation (he's 87), kids nowadays will get pissed off about anything it seems, go out to the car, and return with whatever weapon they had in the trunk and use it, thus the "zero tolerance" policies. He, too, does not realize how cold-blooded the younger generation of offender is.
"How did they know he had a hatchet?" he asked. He wouldn't accept that it didn't matter; the guy had a "weapon" as defined by school policy and chose to either knowingly or unknowingly ignore or disobey.
 

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all but one were
obtained illegally, usually in street
transactions or in thefts. In contrast
to media myth, none of the firearms in
the study was obtained from gun shows.
What was available "was the overriding
factor in weapon choice," the report
says.
Researcher Davis , in a presentation and
discussion for the International Assn. of
Chiefs of Police, noted that none of the
attackers interviewed was "hindered by any
law--federal, state or local--that has ever
been established to prevent gun ownership.
They just laughed at gun laws."
Hopefully a few "mayors" will read this.

This though is what scares me:
Only 1 offender hand-picked a
particular gun "because he felt it would do
the most damage to a human being."
 

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Even if the report is somewhat dated, the criminal element is still very much current and growing. As a culture we continue to harbor and embrace a permissive society whereby anything goes. Unfortunately, our current government unwittingly supports this.

As a former LEO of long ago, I realize I had it easy. Today I can’t imagine being a LEO with so many restraints. As the report suggests, many officers didn’t use deadly force when such action would have been justified. A gangbanger isn’t held to any restrictions or repercussions so they shoot without impunity. In fact, it was this specific portion of the report that rang out for me.

“The offenders were of a different mind-set entirely. In fact, Davis said the study team "did not realize how cold blooded the younger generation of offender is. They have been exposed to killing after killing, they fully expect to get killed and they don't hesitate to shoot anybody, including a police officer. They can go from riding down the street saying what a beautiful day it is to killing in the next instant."

So, for current LEO’s its pretty much kill or be killed and if the career goes out the window, so be it. As for little ole’ me of, nobody from nowhere, I just decided to renew my range fees and dirty up my guns.
Thanks for the sanity check.
Regards,
Dan
 

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Hopefully a few "mayors" will read this.
They may have read it or will read it, but since it is contrary to their belief, they will discard it as inaccurate and fiction. Just some story a gun nut wrote.
 

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Nothing new, certainly no surprise. Anyone watching the nightly news or reading the newspaper in the last decade should have figured it out without another study or report. :duh:
 

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They may have read it or will read it, but since it is contrary to their belief, they will discard it as inaccurate and fiction. Just some story a gun nut wrote.
:yup:

This study has been a around a while. I presented it to a anti. He dismissed it as too small a study (only 43 offenders) of too focused a group (13 of them admitted gangbangers-drug traffickers -- i.e., too hardened).

Since it is contrary to the anti's belief / manta, just dismiss it. -- esp the

Predominately handguns were used in the
assaults on officers and all but one were
obtained illegally, usually in street
transactions
or in thefts. In contrast
to media myth, none of the firearms in
the study was obtained from gun shows
.
 

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To make matters even worse, law enforcement has been seeing gangbangers enlisting in the military and then going back to their gangs and teaching the other gangbangers what they learned. On top of that, quite a few have combat experience over in Iraq and Afghanistan as well.
 

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I now see why the assault weapons are flying off the racks at my local gun shop. I would have never even considered one of those in years' past but now I check them out along with everything else. What use to be a hobby is quickly turning into basic survival.
 
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